Farīd ad-Dīn Attār-e Neyshāpūrī was a 13th century Sufi poet, hagiographer, and pharmacist (hence the pen name ‘Attar,’ meaning ‘pharmacist’) famous for his large divan (collected poems), as well as Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr (Confrence of the Birds) and Tazkirat al-Awliya‘ (Biographies of the Saints).