Allama Muhammad Iqbal-e Lahori (born 1877, died 1938) was a poet, lawyer, politician, and theorist who is considered Pakistans national poet and an ideological founding father, though he never lived to see the states creation. Allama Iqbal studied Law in Germany and the United Kingdom, before returning to British India where he began to practice. The state of the Muslim world - which had been declining with the colonization and the collapse of the Ottoman and Mughal empires - as well as his own search for identity, inspired much of his poetry. Although both his Urdu and Persian poetry are written in the classical style, the ideas and subject matter are unmistakably modern.